Gum disease is a type of gum infection that results from poor oral hygiene. Leaving plaque to build up and harden on your teeth can result in the development of periodontal disease. When not treated early, gum disease can lead to jaw damage and tooth loss. So, consult with a periodontist in King of Prussia, PA, as soon as possible if you think you have a gum problem. Periodontal disease has a lot of stages that a periodontist can treat. Periodontists provide surgical and nonsurgical treatment for this condition.
Gum Disease Symptoms
Symptoms of gum disease may not appear until you have an advanced stage of this disease. You may have this condition if you have red, swollen, or tender gums, gum bleeding, receding gums, mouth sores, persistent bad breath, and loose teeth.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gum disease or periodontal disease is classified into the following stages:
- Gingivitis. This stage is still reversible as the infection has not attacked the jawbones. Its symptom is usually bleeding gums. The majority of those who have this condition have painless symptoms. Gingivitis can be treated effectively with proper oral hygiene, routine dental cleaning, and regular oral examinations.
- Slight gum disease. This stage is no longer irreversible, although it can be managed. In this stage, the infection has reached and damaged the bones. Also, the bacteria that cause the infection have become quite aggressive, increasing your risk of bone loss. Treatments for this stage of gum disease include scaling and root planing, which are meant to deep clean your teeth and gums to get rid of bacterial deposits in the gums.
- Moderate gum disease. Your gum disease will reach this stage if more bacteria are attacking your bones and bloodstream. Scaling and root planing are often used to clean your gums thoroughly.
- Advanced gum disease. This stage occurs when the infection has disease-causing bacteria, causing red, swollen gums that have pus. Also, your teeth will be loose, and you’ll find it hard to chew and bite down food.
The Dangers of Untreated Gum Disease
When not treated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis, a more serious stage of periodontal disease. When this happens, the pockets and infection deepen as they eat away at the jaw until you have loose teeth that can easily fall out. When gum disease progresses, your gums start to recede, and periodontal pockets are formed. This can result in bite changes and pain when you chew or bite.