Dental caries, which is more commonly known as tooth decay, is an infection in the teeth caused by bacteria. Tooth decay can be prevented with good oral hygiene and low sugar intake. They are more prevalent among children because of the lack of a proper cleaning regimen. Moreover, children do not have the same oral immunities as adults do, and they are more susceptible to tooth decay.
Tooth decay has become one of the most common chronic childhood diseases in developed countries, causing serious pain and tooth loss. In fact, tooth decay is caused by the formation of tiny pits and holes in the teeth (cavities). These cavities form when plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth, breaks down dietary sugars into acids. When these acids come in contact with your teeth for an extended period of time, they cause tooth decay. You can consult an emergency dentist in Glenview for proper treatment of tooth decay.
Here are the main 3 causes of tooth decay in children.
- Poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is one of the most common causes of tooth decay. Research has shown that children do not have the same oral hygiene regimen as adults. In this case, they do not brush their teeth thoroughly and regularly enough. This results in more bacterial growth on their teeth, which leads to cavities. In order for you to prevent tooth decay, you must brush your teeth at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste and floss between your teeth.
- A diet high in sugar and carbohydrates
A diet high in sugar and carbohydrates can lead to tooth decay. High-sugar content can easily dissolve our teeth and make them weak. To reduce the risk of tooth decay, you should limit your child’s intake of sugary food and drinks. You should also encourage your child to take frequent breaks during meals. Mouth bacteria thrive on sugars. So, eating in shorter intervals allows less time for bacteria to develop and spread.
Genetics also contributes to tooth decay in children. Unfortunately, it is inherited and cannot be specifically avoided, but you can still take action to prevent it. If you are already a victim of tooth decay, you should stop consuming foods that promote tooth decay. You should also maintain good oral hygiene to prevent further damage.