A cavity along the gum line: what’s the deal?

When decay develops at the gum line, it is called a gum line cavity. There are two distinct forms of the cavity that are referred to together as “gum line cavities”: smooth surface cavities and root cavities. Cavities that extend from the gum line to the tooth’s smooth crown surface are referred to as smooth surface cavities. The opposite is true for cavities that develop at the tooth’s base, which are known as root cavities. Some people’s gum disease progresses below the gum line, exposing more of the tooth’s crown and root. Visit an expert dental practice in Bethesda, MD.

What exactly causes cavities in the gums?

Cavities at the gum line are created by the same bacteria, sugar, and plaque that generate regular cavities. The bacteria in your mouth make acid that damages your teeth when they digest the sugars in the food you eat. If left untreated, this can eat away at your tooth’s enamel, dentin, and pulp.

Plaque, the bacteria-filled film that builds up on one’s teeth, can increase the frequency with which acid attacks one’s teeth, leading to decay around the gum line. There are certain people who are more likely to get cavities in their gums. Gum recession is the most important risk factor for developing cavities at the gum line.

Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by gum disease. When the gums move away from the teeth, a condition known as gum recession sets in place. Exposed tooth roots are more vulnerable to decay and discomfort.

How do Doctors Fix Cavities Right at the Gum Line?

Restorative dentistry techniques are used to treat cavities at the gum line in much the same way as they are used to treat cavities elsewhere in the mouth. However, there are various possibilities, which vary with the cavity’s precise location. Composite fillings are the go-to when treating small to medium cavities with a smooth surface. If you develop cavities on the smooth surface of your tooth at the gum line that does not extend into the tooth’s roots, a composite filling may be utilized to restore your smile.

However, the situation becomes more complicated if the hollow extends below the gum line. Root canal therapy or even minor gum surgery may be necessary if a cavity has formed at the tooth’s tip. This is probably the case if the cavity has progressed below the gum line. Your dentist will evaluate your condition before making any treatment recommendations.